Dental implants are metal devices that are surgically inserted into the jawbone in order to replace one or more missing teeth. Normally, dental implants support a dental prosthesis such as a crown, bridge, removable dentures but sometimes they may act as an orthodontic anchor (in order to align and straighten teeth).
First, a procedure is required to place the dental implant inside the jawbone. The basis for modern dental implants is a biologic process called osseointegration where materials, such as titanium, form an intimate bond to bone. A variable amount of healing time is required for osseointegration (3 to 6 months).
After the healing time, an abutment is attached to the implant. The abutment will hold the dental prosthesis (crown, bridge, removable denture).
Why is it so important to replace missing teeth?
Following tooth loss, several toothless spaces appear inside the oral cavity. These are called edentulous spaces or toothless gaps.
If toothless gaps are not rehabilitated in time (with a dental restoration), irreversible changes may take place around these areas with an adverse effect on oral health.
After teeth extractions, it is essential to restore the toothless gaps as soon as possible. Dental implants offer superior therapeutic solutions compared to traditional restorations (bridges or removable dentures supported by natural teeth).